What are the Causes and Solutions of Bleeding Gums?

Bleeding gums can be a cause for concern and are often a sign of an underlying dental issue. While it is common to experience occasional bleeding while brushing or flossing, persistent bleeding gums could indicate a more serious problem that should not be taken lightly. As advised by a family dentist in Whitby, Ontario, it is important to know the causes of bleeding gums for maintaining good oral health. In this article, we shall discuss some common reasons why your gums might be bleeding and what you can do to improve your gum health.

Aggressive Brushing or Flossing

While regular dental care is crucial, brushing or flossing too forcefully might result in bleeding gums. Aggressive brushing might cause discomfort and bleeding in the fragile gum tissue. To avoid gum injury, wash your teeth with a soft-bristled toothbrush and gentle, circular strokes.


Certain drugs, such as blood thinners and anticoagulants, might increase the risk of gum bleeding. These drugs impair the blood’s capacity to clot correctly, making it easier for the gums to bleed, particularly during brushing or flossing. If you are on any drugs and are having bleeding gums, you should contact your doctor. Moreover, it is important to regularly check your INR ratio when you are taking these medications

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes, especially during adolescence, pregnancy, and menopause, can make the gums more sensitive and prone to bleeding. Increased hormone levels can impair blood flow to the gums, making them more prone to inflammation and bleeding. Pregnant women, in particular, may develop pregnancy gingivitis, which is characterized by swollen, sore gums that bleed readily.

Nutritional Deficiencies

Deficiencies in some vitamins and minerals, such as vitamins C and K, can cause bleeding gums. Vitamin C is necessary for keeping healthy gums and boosting the immune system, whilst vitamin K aids in blood clotting. A diet low in these nutrients might weaken the gums and raise the risk of bleeding.

Bleeding gums should never be overlooked, since they may indicate an underlying dental or systemic health condition. Good oral hygiene, which includes regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups, is critical for keeping gums healthy and preventing bleeding. If you are suffering recurrent bleeding gums or other troubling signs, please contact your dentist or healthcare practitioner for additional examination and treatment. Prompt intervention can help avoid more serious dental issues and protect your oral health in the long run.

Back to top button